Gender Relations in the Media Industry in Russia, Armenia and Moldova: Employment, Prospects for Career Growth and Influence on Content

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14515/monitoring.2020.4.1645

Keywords:

media industry, employment, gender gaps, gender discrimination, gender stereotypes

Abstract

Feminization of the workplace in the media area is a relatively recent phenomenon, and today this industry is widely represented by women. The article presents the findings of a study which was thought of as a comparative study and conducted using the same tools in Russia, Armenia and Moldova. This made it possible to discover and analyze the general and the specific both in the development of mass media in these countries and in the situation of women and men employed in the industry. The methods used in the study are as follows: (1) a questionnaire survey among the media employees holding  decision-making and creative positions (N = 625), (2) in-depth structured interviews with experts (N = 11) who have worked as professional journalists, chief editors, heads of journalistic organizations, owners and co-founders of online media outlets, (3) analysis of documents involving information in the “Atlas of Municipal Media in the Russian Federation”, online media websites and the data from the studies conducted by other authors on the same topic.

The study proves the existence of feminization in mass media, describes the factors behind it and the problems related to gender inequalities in terms of work pay, employment procedures, opportunities to hold decision-making positions, to choose the topics of the publications, etc. Despite the fact that there are certain practices discriminating women, most of respondents employed in mass media deny the existence of gender discrimination in this industry. This is partly due to journalists’ perception of gender segregation as a norm rather than violation of labor and social rights.

Acknowledgments. The article is based on the results of the studies conducted in 2016-2020 and supported by Fojo Media Institute of Linnaeus University (Sweden) and ANRI Media (Russia). The authors would like to express sincere gratitude for the assistance and support in the implementation of the study.

Author Biographies

Zoya A. Khotkina, Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of the Population, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of the Population, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.
    • Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Leading Research Fellow at the Laboratory for Gender Studies

Veronika Menjoun, Linnaeus University

  • Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden
    • International Project Manager at the FOJO Media Institute

Olga A. Aleksandrova, Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of the Population, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation

  • Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of the Population, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
    • Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Deputy Director for Research
  • Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
    • Professor at the Department of Sociology

Yulia V. Burdastova, Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of the Population, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

  • Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of the Population, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
    • Senior Research Fellow at the Laboratory for Studies of Behavioral Economics

Yulia S. Nenakhova, Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of the Population, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of the Population, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
    • Research Fellow at the Laboratory for Studies of Behavioral Economics

Kristina V. Vinogradova, Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of the Population, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

  • Institute of Socio-Economic Studies of the Population, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
    • Junior Research Fellow at the Laboratory for Studies of Behavioral Economics

Published

2020-09-06

Issue

Section

GENDER, FAMILY, SEXUALITY: FOLLOWING IGOR S. KON (16+)