University Students Combining Working and Studying: Conflict or Facilitation?




combining work and study, satisfaction with education, student performance, well-being, university students


The paper is based on the data of a survey among students from a St Petersburg multispecialty university and semi-structured interviews and investigates the conditions under which combining working and studying negatively impact full-time students and, on the contrary, the circumstances that bring them benefits. According to the findings, those students who are less satisfied with their university, their profession and living conditions are more likely to combine working and studying. In addition, they have higher levels of mental well-being. Students combining work and study tend to more often miss classes but this has no impact on their performance. Effects differ depending on the group of students combining jobs and studies: girls and lower-year students are more likely to have a work-study conflict. Work-study facilitation is more typical of those students who deliberately strive to get the desired profession as well as those who have higher mental well-being levels. The analysis of the interviews helped to detect two types of strategies to combine two spheres: institutionally-supported strategies and self-management strategies.

Acknowledgements. The article is funded under RFBR grant no. 17-29-02438/17, “Psychological, social and environmental health-related resources of students at different stages of education in modern Russia”, 2017-2019.

Author Biographies

Elizaveta A. Kaplan, Pharm Holding

  • Pharm Holding, St Petersburg, Russia
    • Bachelor's Degree in Sociology,  Junior HR Specialist

Ksenia Yu. Eritsyan, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia

  • Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
    • Cand. Sci. (Psychology), Researcher at the Institute of Psychology